(Lateral Epicondylitis)

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 Definition Tennis elbow, medically known as lateral epicondylitis, is an inflammation of the tendons and muscles of the forearm.
Details The muscles of the forearm that control the wrist and hand begin just above the elbow joint. These muscles can become inflamed and may even partially tear if subjected to excess or repetitive stress. Pain from this inflammation may arise and progress suddenly or gradually.
Causes Tennis Elbow is usually arises from using the tendons and muscles too much.. Occasionally, however, it may begin after a sudden, traumatic movement of the elbow or wrist. Tennis, other racquet sports and weight training are commonly associated with this disorder. Improper technique or handle size in racquet sports may also lead to this disorder.

Repetitive use of a keyboard may also be responsible for causing Tennis Elbow.
Diagnosis Tennis Elbow is characterized by pain and tenderness on the outside part of the elbow. This pain will worsen with any attempt to either play racquet sports or lift heavy objects with the wrist and hand.

Elbow X-rays are done to evaluate the bone surrounding the muscles.

Rarely, an MRI may be ordered to rule out a large tendon tear.

MRIs of normal and partially torn tendons
Treatment Nonoperative: Most cases of Tennis Elbow will respond to rest, anti-inflammatory medication and activity restriction. A compressive forearm band that reduces the tension at the elbow is also frequently used. Physical therapy designed to stretch and strengthen the forearm muscles after controlling the inflammatory phase may be added. A steroid injection may be tried if the treatment plan outlined above does not alleviate the symptoms.

Tennis Elbow Brace

Tennis Elbow Wrist Stretch

Tennis Elbow Injection

Operative: Occasionally, surgical intervention is needed if nonoperative measures fail. A variety of procedures have been designed to excise the inflammation and scar tissue. Repair or reattachment of the remaining tendon to its origin on bone at the elbow may also be required.

Tennis Elbow Surgery Pictures

Make sure your equipment and technique are proper when playing racquet sports
Avoid overusing the forearm and wrist muscles
Maintain strong and flexible forearm and wrist muscles